The Good Samaritan – OT Background

We all know the story of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37). For a long time, I’ve suspected that it had special meaning in Luke’s “restoration” schema, but I haven’t had time to research it yet. Today, Michael Barber posts on that very topic.

2 Chronicles 28 relates a story about a battle between the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah. The northern kingdom overpowers those from the south and take captive the people from Judah, including two hundred thousand women and children. However, after the prophet warns the northern tribes that they have sinned in taking captive those from Judea, certain chief men from the northern tribes take pity on the prisoneers (2 Chron. 28:8-11). They stand up to those coming back from the battle, condemning their actions. What happens sounds very familiar.

2 Chron. 28:15: And the men who have been mentioned by name rose and took the captives, and with the spoil they clothed all that were naked among them; they clothed them, gave them sandals, provided them with food and drink, and anointed them; and carrying all the feeble among them on asses, they brought them to their kinsfolk at Jericho, the city of palm trees. Then they returned to Samaria.

It seems likely that the story of the Good Samaritan is drawing on this episode. . . . they do what the Good Samaritan does in the story in Luke’s Gospel.

Once again, it would seem, Jesus’ teaching seems to flow from Israel’s story. In fact, the story would seem to fit into Jesus’ larger program in Luke’s Gospel–the restoration of the Davidic Kingdom and specifically, his concern for Judah and Israel.

This is a line of reasoning that I will enjoy following up on. Read Barber’s whole post.

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